Master of Business Administration Executive

Faculty / School

School of Business Studies (SBS)

Year of Award



Dr. Yasir Mansoor Kundi, Assistant Professor, Department of Management

Project Type

MBA Executive Research Project

Access Type

Restricted Access


Safety Climate, Employee wellbeing, Job satisfaction, Job Motivation, Employee turnover

Executive Summary

Industries have come to realize, over the years, that a company’s success is not only dependent simply on the financial metrics, but many other factors like the well-being of its employees and their satisfaction and motivation levels play a significant role in their productivity and performance levels. In order to maximize their employees’ output to help the organization perform to its maximum potential, and to help their organizations achieve sustainable growth, the industries have been studying numerous factors that may affect these employee outcomes. This leads to the ever so important need to understand multiple employee outcomes as a result of various organizational factors. In addition to this, health and safety is a growing phenomenon in the industry globally, where many countries have implemented strict laws to ensure the protection of the employees. In Pakistan as well, many industries have adopted HSE practices, especially the multinational firms. This study aims to understand how the safety climate of a manufacturing firm in Pakistan impacts various attributes of its employees, i.e., their well-being, job satisfaction, job motivation, and turnover intention. Additionally, the study also tries to understand how the leadership commitment to safety moderates this relationship. To understand these relationships, A cross-sectional study was carried out by collecting data from two manufacturing firms located in Karachi, Pakistan. The data was collected anonymously through a questionnaire from the employees of these two firms. The findings revealed that the safety climate of the organizations fosters employee job motivation. Moreover, the results showed that the leadership’s safety commitment moderates the association between the safety climate of the organization and the job motivation and job satisfaction levels of its employees. This implies that developing a positive safety climate in the organization helps improve the job motivation levels of the employees in the organization. Additionally, through the leadership showing commitment to the safety of its employees, will help improve the job motivation and job satisfaction levels of their employees. Therefore, through cultivating a positive safety climate in the organization and ensuring the commitment of the leadership, manufacturing firms in Pakistan can help improve their productivity levels. The practical limitations related to the study have also been presented in this research.


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