Master of Business Administration Executive
Faculty / School
Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)
Year of Award
MBA Executive Research Project
In this research, an effort has been made to examine the impact of leadership styles to include transactional, transformational and laissez-faire leadership styles, coupled with emotional intelligence on project success in public sector organizations of Pakistan. Leadership is one of the most important facet in private and public sectors to achieve the desired goals. On the other hand, emotional intelligence is needed to exercise various leadership styles to accrue the desired outcome. Different dimensions of leadership are required to achieve a sense of cohesiveness, personal development and higher levels of satisfaction among employees. Leadership is bound to give direction and vision, an alignment for work environment, creativity and innovation thus invigorating the organizational culture. This is gigantic task for leader to lead his outfits to achieve organizational goals.
Leaders, being good, can provide many benefits for an organization and leaders, being unsuccessful, can be critical for any organization. This study was carried out to establish possible linkages between leadership styles and emotional intelligence on project success in public sector organizations. Firstly, difference between public and private sector organizations is analysed. Requirements and expectations from public and private organizations are different and so are the leadership styles. Thereafter, transformational, transactional and laissez-faire leadership styles coupled with emotional intelligence (in relation to public sector) were studied in detail, to comprehend its impact on project success. Five public sector organizations (FWO, NLC, MES, SCO, and WAPDA) were approached for collection of data. Data was gathered from leaders and employees of these organizations through questionnaire and interaction with the leadership of these organisations. The questionnaire was covering all the variables pertaining to this study to include correlation of leadership styles, emotional intelligence and project success.
Transformational leader uses his skills to inspire employees to transcend their interest and abilities for betterment of the organization. Moreover, leader works with subordinates and give them a vision, inspires them towards a common goal to ensure success. Transactional leadership emphasises on management and supervision in organizations to get desired results. In this style, leaders get the job done by followers through rewards and punishments. Laissezfaire leadership is to delegate responsibilities in which leaders gives a greater free hand to
employees and allow them to make the decisions. However, researchers are of the view that it leads to the lowest productivity among group members. Emotional intelligence is one's ability to recosnize. understand and control emotion of himself and that ot others. It includes selfself- regulation, motivation, empathy and strong social skills of communication. Emotional intelligence can be developed and improved by observing one's own self, selfevaluation and looking at work environment and examining work during stress and strain. Leadership styles and emotional intelligence has definite relation which is effective for project success.
Statistical analysis signifies that a positive relationship between leader's and followers exists once leader has transformational qualities combined with emotional intelligence. Results revealed that success in project is achieved through a display of transformational style combined with emotional intelligence by the leaders. Leaders who have understood and used the relationship of leadership styles and emotional intelligence in public sectors are more successful. It also highlights that moderate relationship exists between Laissez-faire leadership style and emotional intelligence whereas relationship between transactional leadership style and emotional intelligence is comparatively weaker. The conclusions, short term and long term recommendations have been proffered at the end which may be beneficial for leaders in public sector of Pakistan to understand correlation of leadership styles and emotional intelligence which will ultimately inspires the employees towards the project success.
Nasir,, A. (2017). Role of leadership style and emotional intelligence in the success of projects of military affiliated public sector organizations (Unpublished graduate research project). Institute of Business Administration, Pakistan. Retrieved from https://ir.iba.edu.pk/research-projects-emba/120
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