Center for Executive Education (CEE)


Post Graduate Diploma in Supply Chain Management


Faisal Jalal

Project Type

PGD Project Report


Supply Chain, K Electric, Sourcing Operations

Executive Summary

Pakistan has two integrated public sector power utilities, the Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) and the Karachi Electric Supply Corporation (KESC). WAPDA supplies power to the whole of Pakistan except the metropolitan city of Karachi, which is supplied by KESC. The system of WAPDA and KESC are interconnected through 220 kV double circuit transmission lines. The country has a total installed generating capacity of about 19522 MW. Power sector in developing countries like Pakistan is unable to meet the demand of its consumers. Pakistan’s power sector suffers from inefficiencies that cost the economy billions of dollars, annually. For years, the matter of balancing supply against the demand for electricity had remained a largely unresolved matter. A major reason for this is the process inefficiencies of all power sector organizations, be it DISCOs, GENCOs or TRANSCOs. This study doesn’t relate to IPPs (Independent Power Producers or Captive Power Producers) since they are compact enterprises with lean infrastructure (both in terms of machines and man power).

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