All Theses and Dissertations


Master of Science in Economics

Faculty / School

Faculty of Business Administration (FBA)


Department of Economics

Date of Award

Fall 2015


Dr. Qazi Masood Ahmed

Committee Member 1

Dr. Qazi Masood Ahmed, Institute of Business Administration, Karachi

Project Type


Access Type

Restricted Access


xii, 104


Primarily this thesis aims to study the inter-temporal trends of agriculture land inequality in Pakistan which is one of the determinants of poverty. The access to land use a concept related to efficiency of operations on land (operational inequality) in Pakistan has declined over time and ownership inequality (distribution of land amongst owners) a concept which is relevant to equitable distribution has initially improved and then became stagnated. I have comprehended the process of agriculture transition in Pakistan and the data suggest that Pakistan's agricultural has been shifted to owners' self-cultivation either owners are cultivating lands themselves or using wage labors. Based on district level data in Pakistan, I have constructed a novel empirical model of multidimensional poverty, inequality, and development which is my modest contribution. Multidimensional poverty, land inequality (land ownership inequality) and food consumption inequalities are positively related and development and literacy have negative relationship with multidimensional poverty at district level. The consistent inequality in agriculture sector is failure of public policy in Pakistan. The policy of taxation and subsidies are somehow inducing land inequalities in the agriculture sector. I have studied the historical change in land revenue institutions in Pakistan and developed a simple model for computation of potential of agriculture income tax in Pakistan. Based on the results there is an encouraging potential of implementing agriculture income tax in Pakistan.

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