All Theses and Dissertations


Master of Science in Economics


Department of Economics

Date of Award

Spring 2018


Dr. Muhammad Nishat

Second Advisor

Dr. M. Shahid Qureshi

Committee Member 1

Dr. Muhammad Nishat, Institute of Business Administration, Karachi

Committee Member 2

Dr. M. Shahid Qureshi, Institute of Business Administration, Karachi

Project Type


Access Type

Restricted Access

Document Version



ix, 41


Entrepreneurial and Small Business Operations


The purpose of this thesis is to measure how entrepreneurial interventions during a business plan competition workshop impact the aspiration of the participants to become entrepreneurs in the future. INVENT 2013 was a nation-wide business plan competition in which university students from all over Pakistan (around 3000 students) participated. This was a 5 month process which involved a lot of training and mentoring during the various rounds. The interventions to promote entrepreneurship took place in the form of lectures, workshops, case studies, and mentoring sessions. The survey was conducted during the initial workshops in the form of questionnaires from students towards the end of the workshop. In this thesis, we evaluate the results of this survey. To test the model, the constructs of psychological characteristics, intellectual capital, entrepreneurial skills and business program exploration were validated followed by factor analysis and structural equation modelling. We found out that the entrepreneurial interventions carried out in the workshops led to positive relationships between the variables and had a positive impact on the Entrepreneur Identity Aspiration of the participants.

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