Title

Higher Education in Pakistan during the Pandemic – A Gendered Perspective

Abstract/Description

The online learning set up that was suddenly, and in some cases even forcefully, implemented in the face of COVID-19 lockdown, seems to be here to stay as part of the new post COVID-19 world. The abrupt shift from traditional face-to-face learning to a setup exclusively based on online teaching and learning in a country like Pakistan where the educational system is fragmented along income lines with drastically different levels of technology adaptation led to a variety of experiences/problems for respective institutions. In this paper we mainly focus on the experience of Pakistani college/university students: we conducted an (online) survey of students enrolled in both public and private sector universities across Pakistan, and questioned them on the effectiveness of online teaching and the challenges and concerns they face. There is already evidence that effects of learning from home during school closures varied with household characteristics, such as income, access to a computer, uninterrupted internet connection, and whether there is a quiet place available for the student to do her/his work. We further investigate these trends for young adults and investigate how the online experience differs for girls and boys in a gendered society such as Pakistan.

Session Theme

Socio-economic Impact of Covid-19 - Session IIC

Session Type

Parallel Technical Session

Session Chair

Dr. Uzma Iram Assistant Professor - AERC, University of Karachi

Session Discussant

Dr. Aqdas Afzal Program Director & Assistant Professor Social Development & Policy Program, Habib University

Start Date

7-4-2021 2:29 PM

End Date

3-4-2021 4:00 PM

Comments

Faculty Fellow at Department of Economics, American University, Assistant Professor at Department of Economics, Forman Christian College University, Assistant Professor at Department of Economics, University of the Punjab

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Apr 7th, 2:29 PM Apr 3rd, 4:00 PM

Higher Education in Pakistan during the Pandemic – A Gendered Perspective

The online learning set up that was suddenly, and in some cases even forcefully, implemented in the face of COVID-19 lockdown, seems to be here to stay as part of the new post COVID-19 world. The abrupt shift from traditional face-to-face learning to a setup exclusively based on online teaching and learning in a country like Pakistan where the educational system is fragmented along income lines with drastically different levels of technology adaptation led to a variety of experiences/problems for respective institutions. In this paper we mainly focus on the experience of Pakistani college/university students: we conducted an (online) survey of students enrolled in both public and private sector universities across Pakistan, and questioned them on the effectiveness of online teaching and the challenges and concerns they face. There is already evidence that effects of learning from home during school closures varied with household characteristics, such as income, access to a computer, uninterrupted internet connection, and whether there is a quiet place available for the student to do her/his work. We further investigate these trends for young adults and investigate how the online experience differs for girls and boys in a gendered society such as Pakistan.