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The Center for Business and Economic Research (CBER) at School of Economics and Social Sciences (SESS) IBA has organized the 2nd Annual conference on 25th-27th March 2022. The theme for this year invites works from a wide range of disciplines to critique, question and reconsider the experiences of transnational, national and sub-national actors with the development process. What does ‘development’ mean for different actors, and how has this narrative shifted over time? How does development define and redefine power relations and what implications does this have for different groups? How have colonial experiences shaped futures and how does one deconstruct ideas rooted in these experiences?

Our conference programme includes keynote speakers, technical research paper sessions and panel discussions on the actual effects of development in terms of human experiences. Student circles are led by student societies, who along with their faculty mentors have organized workshops on calligraphy, poetry, and wellbeing.

We are wary of hierarchies within academia and have taken several steps to be more inclusive. We have provided alternative programme formats and a discussion on inclusive development and disability rights. We have made efforts to make our programme as diverse as possible and encourage participation from minorities and underrepresented groups. We have a daycare facility and work with participants who require other facilities. We are also working towards creating a culture of sustainability and reduced waste.

At CBER, we support research that leads to an inclusive, open and critical dialogue. We welcome attendees from Pakistan and other countries to be a part of this much needed conversation. A lot more needs to be done, but we hope that every year we take one step forward to make academia more diverse, vibrant and self-aware.

Publication Date



Institute of Business Administration




Development, Governance, Economic Growth


Development Studies | Economic Policy | Economics | Education Economics | Growth and Development | Infrastructure | Politics and Social Change | Quantitative, Qualitative, Comparative, and Historical Methodologies


This document is a result of a conference conducted by School of Economics and Social Sciences IBA, the opinions expressed by the participants, and this publication does not constitute an endorsement by the IBA Karachi or its partners of the opinions so expressed in them.


Development: Discourses and Critiques

Edited by:

Dr. Laila Farooq, Director CBER IBA

Sarah Nizamani, Research Fellow, CBER IBA

2nd Annual International Conference Proceedings - Development: Discourses and Critiques